To grow Coleus from seed, prepare a flat or container with damp potting soil, sprinkle seeds over soil, place in partial shade & warm location, and keep the soil moist. Start sowing seeds indoors 6-8 weeks before the last frost. Keep the temperature between 70-75ºF for best results. Germination takes 7-14 days.
Coleus (Coleus scutellarioides) is an attractive plant that can bring vibrant color and texture to outdoor spaces.
Its native range may be tropical parts of Asia and Africa, but gardeners worldwide have cultivated this species for centuries due to its stunning foliage.
The Coleus leaves often display a stunning mix of colors, including red, pink, purple, yellow, green, and orange. This makes it a highly sought-after addition for gardens and landscapes alike.
If you want to add this eye-catching plant to your garden, you can start by growing Coleus from seeds.
Growing plants from seeds is a great way to start gardening, as it can be much more cost-effective than purchasing starter plants.
Plus, when grown from seed, you have the advantage of being able to select desired traits such as color or leaf shape and size.
How To Propagate Coleus From Seeds
Growing Coleus from seed is relatively easy. It takes a few simple steps, but with careful attention and care, you can have beautiful coleus plants in no time.
1. Materials Needed
You can quickly grow these beautiful plants in your backyard with just a few materials. Here’s what you need to get started:
- Coleus seeds.- You can purchase coleus seeds online or at your local garden center.
- Potting soil.- Choose a potting mix that is light and well-draining for best results.
- Flat or container.- Any shallow container with drainage holes will work for starting your coleus seeds.
- Seed starting kit (optional).- A seed starting kit can make the process of growing Coleus from seeds easier and more efficient.
- Fine seed starting soil (optional).- If you don’t have access to a seed starting kit, you can use fine seed starting soil instead of potting mix to start your coleus seeds in containers or flats.
- Heating pad/seed-starting mat/warm window sill (optional).– If you live in an area with cooler temperatures, using a heating pad or seed-starting mat can help keep the soil temperature warm enough for the seeds to germinate properly. Alternatively, you can place the containers on a warm window sill to provide extra heat.
Once you have all of your materials gathered, it’s time to get started!
2. Preparing the Soil
When it comes to propagating coleus plants from seeds, soil preparation is critical.
Potting soil is ideal for this purpose, as it provides an optimal balance of drainage and moisture retention. It also contains essential nutrients to help your Coleus plant grow strong and healthy.
When preparing the soil, make sure to keep the moisture level consistent. Too much water can cause root rot, while too little can stunt growth or even kill your plant.
If you’re using potting soil, mix in some perlite or vermiculite to ensure proper drainage.
The location where you plant your coleus seeds is also important. Coleus prefers partial shade and warm temperatures, so choose a spot with indirect sunlight and protection from wind and rain.
Make sure the area has good air circulation as well; this will help prevent fungal diseases from developing on your plants.
3. Sowing the Seeds
Once the soil is ready, it’s time to sow your coleus seeds.
Sprinkling the Seeds Over the Soil
The first step in growing Coleus from seeds is to sprinkle them over the soil.
Make sure you spread them out evenly, so they have enough room to germinate and grow.
You can also mix them with some fine seed-starting soil before sprinkling them over the soil for better results.
Covering the Seeds with Fine Seed Starting Soil
After sprinkling the seeds, cover them with a thin layer of fine seed-starting soil. This helps keep the moisture in and prevent the seeds from drying out or washing away.
Make sure to press down lightly on the soil after you’ve covered the seeds, so they are firmly in place.
Importance of Warmth and Partial Shade
Once you’ve sown your seeds, it’s important to provide them with the right warmth and shade.
Coleus prefers temperatures between 70-75°F (21-24°C), so if you live in an area with cooler temperatures, consider using a heating pad or seed-starting mat to keep the soil warm enough for germination.
Also, make sure to place your containers in a spot that receives partial shade during the day and is protected from wind and rain. This will help ensure that your plants get all of the light they need without becoming scorched by direct sunlight during peak hours.
4. Germination and Growth
Once the seeds have been planted, you can expect germination within 7-14 days.
Once they do, move them to a sunny window or under a grow light. If the temperature drops below 65°F (18°C), it’s best to wait until warmer weather before transplanting outdoors.
During this time, keep the soil surface moist but not wet. You may need to mist the soil with a spray bottle if it dries out too quickly.
Once your coleus plants begin to sprout, they’ll need more light and water than before. Move them to an area with more sunlight (but still partial shade) and gradually increase their watering frequency as they grow.
Check the soil often to ensure it stays evenly moist but not soggy or dry.
If all goes well, your coleus plants should be ready for transplanting in 8-12 weeks!
5. Transplanting the Seedlings
When it comes time to transplant your coleus seedlings, choose a well-drained location with plenty of sunlight (but still partial shade).
Fill the transplant containers with potting soil, and water the plants thoroughly before transferring them.
Gently remove each plant from its container and place it in its new home, leaving enough room for growth.
Once the coleus seedling is in its new home, water it thoroughly and apply a thin layer of mulch to help retain moisture.
Your coleus plants should begin to thrive, and you can enjoy their vibrant and colorful leaves all summer long!
How To Take Care Of Young Coleus Plants
Once your coleus plants are established in their new home, you can take a few simple steps to ensure they stay healthy and continue to flourish.
- Water the plants regularly, taking care not to overwater or saturate the soil. Coleus prefers evenly moist soils, so check often and adjust your watering schedule accordingly.
- Provide the plants with plenty of light, but avoid direct sunlight during the hottest parts of the day. Coleus will thrive in partial shade, so find a spot that offers plenty of bright indirect light throughout the day.
- Fertilize every two weeks during the growing season to boost your Coleus and help encourage faster growth. Choose an organic fertilizer for the best results.
- Remove any dead or dying leaves as soon as you see them to prevent pests and diseases from developing on your plants.
- Check for any signs of pests or disease, such as wilting leaves or discoloration. If you spot anything suspicious, immediately prevent the problem from spreading.
Growing Coleus from seeds is an exciting and rewarding experience.
It allows you to watch the plants grow, develop unique characteristics, and add colorful foliage to your garden!
Not only can you save money by growing your own Coleus, but it also allows you to enjoy the journey of watching them develop and flourish in the environment you create for them.
With patience and determination, you can successfully grow gorgeous Coleus from seed.