Sansevieria Zeylanica Care and Propagation (A Complete Guide)

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Succulents are among the most popular plants, and Sansevieria zeylanica is no exception.

It’s very easy to grow and propagate, making it an excellent choice for new gardeners.

Gardening enthusiasts like this plant because of its simplicity, low maintenance, elegance, and durability.

Although succulent plants are known for being drought tolerant, they also need attention to detail regarding watering, sunlight exposure, and soil conditions.

Here’s everything you need to know about taking care of and propagating Sansevieria zeylanica succulents.

Overview

Sansevieria zeylanica is an evergreen, perennial species from the Asparagaceae family that is endemic to southeast Asia and belongs to the Sansevieria genus.

The Sansevieria zeylanica is a close relative of Sansevieria Trifasciata, often known as mother-in-law’s tongue or snake plant.

The leaves of Sansevieria zeylanica, a stemless flowering plant with long, sword-shaped succulent leaves that develop from a rhizomatous rootstock.

The dark-green leaves of this snake plant species have white waves of horizontal streaks across their surface and can grow up to 2.5′ feet tall and up to 1″ inch wide.

How To Care for Sansevieria Zeylanica

Sansevieria zeylanica care is very simple because this plant is a succulent that can handle little maintenance.

The essential information about caring for Sansevieria zeylanica can be found below.

Sun Exposure & Light Requirements

The Sansevieria zeylanica is a succulent that grows well in bright light but not direct sunlight. In fact, too much sun can scorch the leaves.

A location that receives bright indirect light but is out of direct sunlight is ideal.

If you are growing the Sansevieria zeylanica plant indoors, place it near a west or east-facing window or any location that receives bright light.

If you are growing Sansevieria zeylanica outdoors, place it in a sunny spot where it will receive bright indirect sunlight or morning sun for most of the day.

Avoid intense direct sunlight, especially during the middle of the day when the sun is at its strongest.

Watering Requirements

Sansevieria zeylanica plants do not need a lot of water, making them perfect for those who forget to water their plants often.

In general, they only need to be watered when the soil feels dry to the touch.

However, they will likely need to be watered more often during the summer months as the heat causes the soil to dry out more quickly. During the winter months, they should be watered less often.

During the growing season (summer), watering is usually fine once a week.

Ensure that the soil becomes completely dry before you water your plant again to prevent root rot and other diseases.

During their dormant phase (winter), only water every two to three weeks.

Soil Requirements

The Sansevieria zeylanica snake plant does best in light and sandy soil.

Using a potting mix that drains well is essential, as this plant doesn’t like wet feet.

A cactus mix with added perlite would be a good mix to use.

If you want to make your own potting mix, combine one part potting soil, one part perlite, and one part coarse sand.

This mix will provide the plants with good drainage and aeration.

Temperature and Humidity

As a succulent, Sansevieria zeylanica requires little water and does well in dry environments.

It is possible to let the soil completely dry out between waterings without harming the plant.

This makes the plant an ideal choice for low-maintenance care.

The recommended temperature range for this succulent is 68° – 80° Fahrenheit (20 – 27°C) during the day, and 50 – 65° Fahrenheit (10 – 18°C) at night.

This Sansevieria plant also does well in dry environments, with a 30 – 50% humidity level.

Fertilizing

Sansevieria zeylanica does not need to be fertilized often. You should only fertilize it during the growing season, typically in the spring and summer.

You can use a balanced 10-10-10 fertilizer or a 20-20-20 fertilizer.

Apply the fertilizer at half the recommended strength and water it into the soil.

Be cautious not to overfertilize, as this can damage the succulent.

Potting and Repotting

Sansevieria zeylanica should be repotted every 2-3 years.

Use pots with enough holes on the bottom to ensure good drainage and airflow, and use a potting mix with excellent drainage properties.

Use a pot that is only slightly larger than the current pot. Amend the soil with some fresh potting mix before repotting.

Be careful not to damage the roots when repotting.

Sansevieria zeylanica can be grown in a large pot or container or even in the ground.

When potting Sansevieria zeylanica, it is best to use a terracotta pot, clay pot, or something with good drainage.

A plastic pot would retain too much water and cause severe root rot.

The best time to transplant or move a Sansevieria zeylanica snake plant is in the early spring months, after the threat of frost has passed and when night temperatures are consistently above 50 degrees F.

Pruning

Sansevieria zeylanica plants don’t require much pruning to stay healthy, but if you choose to prune them, you should do so during their growing season.

Remove any damaged or dead leaves, and cut off any dead sections of rhizome (the thick stem-like structure that the leaves grow from).

This helps the plant conserve energy and helps prevent pests.

There is no need to remove healthy growth as it can strengthen future growth.

If you wish to remove only part of the plant, you should cut just below a leaf node (the place where another leaf emerges).

The leaves are stiff and sharp, so be careful not to harm yourself.

Sansevieria zeylanica will produce new growth from one of its side bulbs if the growing point is damaged or removed.

Pests and Diseases

Sansevieria zeylanica is a hardy plant and does not get many diseases or pests.

However, a few pests and diseases can affect the Sansevieria zeylanica.

Here is a list of some of the pests and diseases that may affect your Sansevieria zeylanica.

Red Spider Mite

This pest is tiny but can cause severe damage to any plant.

The red spider mite can cause yellow and brown spots and distort the plant’s leaves.

To eliminate this pest, you should spray your Sansevieria zeylanica with a forceful stream of water.

Mealybugs

This is another type of insect that can damage the Sansevieria zeylanica.

You will be able to see mealybugs as small, white insects on the stem or leaves of your Sansevieria zeylanica.

To get rid of mealybugs, you can use neem oil, insecticidal soap, or a mixture of alcohol and dish-washing liquid.

Snails

Snails can be another pest that can damage your Sansevieria zeylanica.

Snails are slow-moving, but you will start to notice holes in the plant’s leaves caused by their feeding behavior.

To get rid of snails, you can place copper tape around the pot or put out a trap using beer or grapefruit halves.

Fungal Diseases

Fungal diseases are a common problem for succulent plants.

The most common fungal disease that affects Sansevieria zeylanica is powdery mildew.

This disease will cause a white powder to form on the leaves and stems of your plant.

To treat powdery mildew, you can use a fungicide or baking soda and water mixture.

Root Rot

Root rot is a disease that can affect any plant, and it will cause the roots to rot.

This disease can be fatal to your Sansevieria zeylanica.

To prevent root rot, you should ensure that the potting mix is well-drained and that you do not overwater your plant.

Crown Rot

Crown rot is another disease that can affect Sansevieria zeylanica, and it will cause the leaves to turn black and the stem to rot.

This disease can be fatal to your plant.

To prevent crown rot, you should ensure that the potting mix is well-drained and that you do not overwater your plant.

How to Care for Sansevieria Zeylanica in Winter

Sansevieria zeylanica care during winter is very important to keep your succulent healthy.

To keep your Sansevieria zeylanica happy during winter, you will need to do the following:

  • Keep your Sansevieria zeylanica in a sunny location with indirect sunlight.
  • Keep the temperature around 65 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and 55 degrees Fahrenheit at night.
  • Keep your Sansevieria zeylanica away from drafts and heat vents.
  • Reduce watering during winter to once every two weeks.
  • Do not fertilize your Sansevieria zeylanica during winter.
  • Bring your succulents inside if the temperature falls below 40°F (5°C).

Your Sansevieria zeylanica will stay healthy and happy during winter if you follow these tips!

How To Propagate Sansevieria Zeylanica

Sansevieria zeylanica is a succulent plant easily propagated by leaf cuttings or division.

Here’s how:

Leaf Cutting Propagation

To propagate a Sansevieria zeylanica by leaf cuttings:

  1. Cut a healthy leaf from the Sansevieria zeylanica succulent plant with sharp scissors. Make sure to cut the leaf as close to the bottom as possible.
  2. Cut the leaf into 2-3 inch long pieces.
  3. Let the cuttings dry for a day or two before planting.
  4. Plant the Sansevieria zeylanica cuttings in moist cacti/succulent potting soil.
  5. Keep the cuttings moist and out of direct sun for about two weeks to allow the roots to grow well before planting them in their permanent location.
  6. Transplant the Sansevieria zeylanica leaf cuttings into your favorite succulent container or garden bed.

Division Propagation

To propagate a Sansevieria zeylanica by division:

  1. Dig up the succulent plant with a shovel and divide it into two or more sections with a sharp knife.
  2. Cut off any dead or damaged leaves.
  3. Replant the divisions in fresh potting soil and water well.
  4. Place in a sunny spot and allow the soil to dry out before watering.
  5. Water sparingly until new growth appears, which signals that roots have developed.
  6. Transplant the succulent into a larger pot when it has grown enough.

Final Thoughts

Succulents make great houseplants because they are low maintenance and easy to propagate.

If you are looking for a plant to add some color and life to your home, consider giving a succulent a try.

The Sansevieria zeylanica is an excellent option because it is beautiful, durable, and easy to care for.

It is a stunning houseplant that would make an excellent addition to any home and garden.